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「某企業家被收押了!」英文怎麼說?
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職場 | 英文學習

「某企業家被收押了!」英文怎麼說?

來源:世界公民文化中心
撰文者:世界公民文化中心
戒掉爛英文 2014.10.17

英文要好到一定程度,就要什麼都能談,而且能夠談得有深度、有意思,用字用句當然就要精準。

很多人怕用英文談政治、法律和社會事件等不熟悉的主題,害怕錯漏百出。今天以時事和法律為例,只要掌握全文關鍵,就能融會貫通,知道如何進入一個陌生的英文領域。

我們就從商業犯罪談起吧,下列句子新聞常看到,但英文怎麼說?

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「某家公司遭人縱火損失慘重。」
「某家公司被控侵犯專利/著作權」
「某個企業家被收押」

這類話題不只出現在英文新聞裡,也可能成為你和跟國外客戶閒聊時,拉近雙方的距離,並且增長見聞的工具。

(一)一般較常見的罪犯種類:

1、an arsonist(縱火犯)
2、a murderer(殺人犯)
3、kidnapper(綁架犯)
4、burglar(竊盜犯)
5、con artist(詐騙集團)
6、robber(搶劫犯)
7、embezzler(挪用公款者)
8、hijacker(劫機者)
9、Rapist(強暴犯)
10、Molester(性虐兒童者

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(二)他們如何犯罪?

一般的犯法,我們常用的句型:be against / break / offend/ violate + law
He did not know he was breaking the law.

犯罪時,我們常用:commit + 罪名
The man finally admitted that he committed a rape and a murder.

被定罪時用 convict + of
He was convicted of fraud.(他被判詐欺。)

(三)誰是偵辦人員?任務為何?

1、prosecutor(檢察官)/ District Attorney(美簡稱DA)+

  • indict(起訴,注意發音)the suspect
  • bring a charge against the suspect

2、investigator(調查人員)+

  • conduct / carry out an investigation (investigate the case)
  • collect / gather evidence
  • question(約談)the suspect
  • interrogate(偵調/逼供)the suspect
  • to establish / find / suggest possible motive(研判可能動機)
  • seal off the crime scene(封鎖現場)

3、coroner 法醫 +

  • practice an autopsy(驗屍)in the morgue(停屍間)

(四)嫌犯會有的待遇?

  • was taken into custody(被收押)
  • was detained(被拘留)
  • apply for a bail(申請交保)
  • bail approved(交保獲准)
  • bail denied(交保駁回)
  • bailed out(保釋)
  • on bail(交保候傳中)
  • jump bail(棄保潛逃)

(五)在法庭中……

  • go to court / appear in court(出庭)
  • plead guilty / plead not guilty(認罪/不認罪)
  • He confessed to the murder. / He confessed that he killed a woman.
  • argue the case(雙方對質/辯護)
  • cross examine the witness(交叉質詢證人)
  • call the witness(傳喚證人)
  • the witness / testify for / against the defendant(証人提出對被告有利或不利的舉證)
  • He was found guilty of perjury.(偽證)
  • He agreed to be a grass in the organized crime.(污點證人)
  • He will grass on his organized crime.(舉發不法集團)= He will incriminate his organized crime.
  • The jury will find the suspect/defendant guilty or not.(陪審團將做出是否有罪的決定)
  • The jury has finally reached a verdict.(達成判決)
  • He was found guilty.(他被判有罪)
  • He was found not guilty.= He was acquitted.= He had an acquittal.= He can walk free from the court.(他被判無罪)
  • He will appeal against his convictions.(他將上訴)

(六)宣判罪名時刻

The judge will pass the sentence.(宣判刑責)
sentence (n, v) 判刑, 徒刑

  • He was sentenced to five years in prison.= He received a five-year imprisonment.(他被判五年刑期。)
  • He was sentenced to life.= He received a life sentence.(他被判無期徒刑。)
  • He was sentenced to life without parole.(無期徒刑並且不得假釋)
  • He was paroled after serving 10 year in prison. = He was released on parole after serving 10 years in prison.(服刑10年後獲假釋)
  • He was sentenced to death.(被判死刑)
  • He was condemned to death.(死刑定讞)
  • He is on death row.(等候處決)
  • She was granted clemency after killing her violent husband.(特赦、減刑)

什麼罪…最高處以….最低處以…

Armed robberies carry a maximum sentence of life imprisonment.
Rape in Taiwan carries a minimum sentence of two years in prison.

通緝中 & 逍遙法外
He is wanted by police.
He is so angry that he has become the most wanted criminal.
He is still at large.(逍遙法外)
Police launch a manhunt for a convicted inmate escaping from a prison break.(警方圍捕一名越獄的囚犯。)

延伸閱讀_Warning of Rights

在美國,警方要逮捕一名嫌犯時會朗讀犯人的權益(Miranda Rights),警方所宣讀的內容稱為:warning of rights,完整內容如下:

1、You have the right to remain silent and refuse to answer questions. Do you understand?
2、Anything you do say may be used against you in a court of law. Do you understand?
3、You have the right to consult an attorney before speaking to the police and to have an attorney present during questioning now or in the future. Do you understand?
4、If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you before any questioning if you wish. Do you understand?
5、If you decide to answer questions now without an attorney present you will still have the right to stop answering at any time until you talk to an attorney. Do you understand?
6、Knowing and understanding your rights as I have explained them to you, are you willing to answer my questions without an attorney present?

作者簡介_世界公民文化中心

世界公民文化中心是一所兩年制英語學院,以「英語島學程」獨有的一對一教學和與國際商業趨勢同步的團體討論課程,幫助企業人士善用英語整合能力,達成個人和企業國際化的目標,為高科技與國際跨國公司仰賴的商務英語學習機構。

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某 英文 收押 英文
戒掉爛英文
世界公民文化中心

世界公民文化中心是一所兩年制英語學院,以「英語島學程」獨有的一對一教學和與國際商業趨勢同步的團體討論課程,幫助企業人士善用英語整合能力,達成個人和企業國際化的目標,為高科技與國際跨國公司仰賴的商務英語學習機構。
世界公民文化中心:http://www.core-corner.com/Web




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