《好故事無往不利》(The Elements of Persuasion)的作者馬士威、狄克曼,曾說,說服力強的好故事,有五項重要的元素:英雄(hero or heroes)、 敵人(Antagonist)、改變(Transformation) 、覺醒或啟發(Awareness)及激情(Passion)。

金球獎的終身成就獎得主梅莉史翠普(Meryl Streep)在今年頒獎典禮的致詞中,把這五項元素運用得精彩完美,短短六分鐘的時間,在不指名道姓的狀況下,用半沙啞、柔和的聲音,把美國總統當選人川普,「罵」得淋漓盡致,影片傳上YouTube才三天,就吸引720萬雙眼球點擊,2017年開始才八天,這支短片,非常可能已經成為2017年,最精彩的演講。

六分鐘的演講,梅莉史翠普用自己的困境開頭,反面點題,暗示害自己的加害者是誰,他也是大家及這個國家的敵人,激起大家的覺醒。

「在這周,我因為過度的悲慟及哭喊,沒了聲音...我必須照稿念...我與在坐的各位,在現在的美國社會中,是極受貶抑的一群人」
(I've lost my voice in screaming and lamentation this weekend…... So I have to read…...You and all of us in this room, really, belong to the most vilified segments in American society right now.)

他暗示,大家都是川普討厭的人,同時拉幫結黨,讓台下的觀眾覺得自己是同病相憐的同一國。她說:「大家想想吧,好萊塢、外國人、及新聞界,你們是誰呀?你們是從其他地方來的異鄉人呀!」(Think about it. Hollywood, foreigners, and the press. But who are we? And, you know, what is Hollywood anyway? It's just a bunch of people from other places.)

話鋒一轉,她一一點名出身微寒及來自國外的明星,暗指他們都是川普想要趕出美國的人,召喚大家一起變成抵抗既有勢力的英雄。

「Amy Adams你出生在意大利,Natalie Portman出生在耶路撒冷...美麗的Ruth Negga在衣索比亞,在...愛爾蘭成長......Dev Patel出生在肯亞,在倫敦長大,在戲中扮演在塔斯馬尼亞長大的印度人。好萊塢滿是外國人及異鄉人,把他們趕走,觀眾什麼都看不到了,只剩足球及武術,他們可不是藝術呀...」( Amy Adams was born in Italy. Natalie Portman was born in Jerusalem…...And the beautiful Ruth Negga was born in Ethiopia, raised in -- no, in Ireland, I do believe…...Dev Patel was born in Kenya, raised in London, is here for playing an Indian raised in Tasmania…...Hollywood is crawling with outsiders and foreigners. If you kick 'em all out, you'll have nothing to watch but football and mixed martial arts, which are not the arts.)

這裡她刻意將martial art(武術)、arts(藝術)放在一起,是嘲諷曾在職業摔角比賽中串場的川普,一種「粗人:藝術家」的對比。

她接著說這個粗人川普,為「表演」帶來的改變。

「過去一年以來,有一個表演讓我驚訝不已,它就像一把勾子一直沉到我的心裡,不是因為它表演得很好,實際上,它一點都不好,但卻產生了非常大的影響...那個人,想坐上這個國家最受尊敬的職位,竟然在演講中,模仿一個身體有殘疾的記者,這個殘疾的記者,不論在權力、財力,都遠遠不及這個尋求大位的人,看到這一幕,我心都碎了,這畫面,在我的腦中,揮之不去,因為,這不是在電影,是真實生活呀!」(And there were many, many, many powerful performances this year that did exactly that, breathtaking, passionate work.There was one performance this year that stunned me. It sank its hooks in my heart. Not because it was good. There was nothing good about it. But it was effective and it did its job…... It was that moment when the person asking to sit in the most respected seat in our country imitated a disabled reporter, someone he outranked in privilege, power, and the capacity to fight back. It kind of broke my heart when I saw it. I still can't get it out of my head because it wasn't in a movie. It was real life.)

用一個大欺小的例子,展現加害者的張狂,引發觀眾的激情。

「當一權力最大的人在公眾場合上這樣作,這種直覺式的羞辱,就會滲入每個人的生活,因為這等於准許每個人,都可以用這種方法,羞辱別人。一個不尊重的種子,會招致更多的不尊重;暴力會引發更多的暴力,當擁有權力者運用他的位子欺負別人,我們都輸了!」(And this instinct to humiliate, when it's modeled by someone in the public platform, by someone powerful, it filters down into everybody's life, because it kind of gives permission for other people to do the same thing. Disrespect invites disrespect. Violence incites violence. When the powerful use their position to bully others, we all lose.)

在感性的表達遺憾之後,梅姨開始轉換情緒,用開國元勳的教誨,呼籲大家覺醒。

「這讓我想到了新聞的意義,我們需要新聞界制衡這樣的權力...我們的開國元勳,推崇新聞的重要,把言論自由放在憲法中,我請求好萊塢外籍記者協會及所有在場的人,支持協會並保護我們的記者。因為我們需要他們站出來,他們也需要我們一起守護真理」(This brings me to the press. We need the principled press to hold power to account...That's why our founders enshrined the press and its freedoms in our constitution. So I only ask the famously well-heeled Hollywood Foreign Press and all of us in our community to join me in supporting the committee to protect journalists. Because we're going to need them going forward. And they'll need us to safeguard the truth.)

最後,她用同行Tommy Lee Jones的話勉勵大家,呼籲每個人不能放棄,墊高自己的責任,更在結尾,引用了剛過世的女星嘉莉·費雪(Carrie Fisher)的名句:拾起你破碎的心,把它變成藝術吧!(Take the broken heart make it into art)。嘉莉·費雪因在電影星際大戰(Star Wars)扮演反抗軍領袖莉亞公主成名,梅姨用她的話做總結,一方面是緬懷故人,更重要是暗示大家,川普就是黑武士,大家要在莉亞公主的遺志下,鏟除暗黑勢力。

梅姨超讚!2017最佳演講全解析》半沙啞公開罵人六分鐘,完全不提對方名字,如何博得滿堂喝采?
莉亞公主(翻攝自網路)

「有一次我在片場發牢騷說,我們工作時間太長,錯過晚餐時間等等...Tommy Lee Jones過來跟我說,梅莉,你不覺得是一種特權嗎?身為一個演員,對,正是這樣,我們必須相互提醒,讓觀眾感同身受,對我們而言,是權利也是責任,我們應該以在好萊塢工作為榮,我過世的好友莉亞公主,曾對我說:拾起你破碎的心,把它變成藝術吧!謝謝大家」(Once when I was standing around on the set one day whining about something, we were going to work through supper, or the long hours or whatever, Tommy Lee Jones said to me, isn't it such a privilege, Meryl, just to be an actor. Yeah, it is. And we have to remind each other of the privilege and the responsibility of the act of empathy. We should all be very proud of the work Hollywood honors here tonight. As my friend, the dear departed Princess Leia, said to me once, take your broken heart, make it into art. Thank you.)

如此準確、精彩、感性的演出,終身成就,當之無愧。